Why UP, Bihar, Rajasthan worst states for women?

Why UP, Bihar, Rajasthan worst states for women?

Submitted by alvin on Sat, 2016-07-09 17:14 Bengaluru: Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar are the worst states for women, an IndiaSpend analysis of social indicators and demographic data of Indian states reveals. Women in these states are among those who are most likely to be aborted as children, have the lowest literacy rates, marry earliest, die most frequently while pregnant, bear the most children, have the most crimes committed against them and are least likely to be employed. As many as 376 million people live in UP, Bihar and Rajasthan - more than the populations of the US and the UK combined. Here are eight indicators we considered from the Sample Registration Survey 2014 - released in June 2016 - the Census 2011 and the National Crime Records Bureau. The three states may not do worst in all indicators individually but collectively, they find the most mention. 1. Mean age of females at marriage: Women in West Bengal marry youngest (19.3 years), followed by UP and Rajasthan (19.4 years for both). UP has the largest number of girls married between 10-19 years (2.1 million) in India, followed by West Bengal (1.3 million) and Bihar (1.25 million). One in four women in Rajasthan marries before the legal age of 18, as IndiaSpend previously reported. Being educated helps girls resist early marriage "to a great extent", revealed a 2013 study conducted by Harvard's François Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights. Education also correlates with fewer and healthier children and healthier mothers. 2. Maternal mortality rate (MMR): At 27.8, UP has the highest MMR among all Indian states, followed by Rajasthan (23.9) and Bihar/Jharkhand (21.4). In June 2016, the health ministry launched the Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritwa Yojana (Prime Minister safe pregnancy scheme, PMSMY), which will run parallel to the Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY) and Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram (Mother child safety programme, JSSK). It aims to provide ante-natal care for 30 million pregnant women on the ninth of every month from a specialist. Where government doctors are not available, those in private practices will join the effort. 3. Reproductive span: Women in Uttar Pradesh have IndiaÂ’s longest reproductive spans: 10 years. Since higher reproductive spans correlate with higher fertility rates, Uttar Pradesh women also bear the most children in any state, 4.14, according to Census 2011 data. The reproductive lifespan of UP women is followed by those in Rajasthan (9.2 years) and Bihar (9.1 years), all above the average Indian reproductive span of 6.6 years.  The correlation between reproductive span and high fertility rates holds true for Rajasthan and Bihar too, with rates of 3.99 and 3.97 respectively. The average Indian fertility rate is 3.3. Average births decline with an increase in education levels: The average births for women in India who are graduates and above is 1.9, against 3.8 for women who are illiterate, IndiaSpend reported in May 2016. UP, Rajasthan and Bihar have female literacy and education levels below the Indian norm. 4. Average household size, percentage of households of six people or more: Households in UP are IndiaÂ’s largest, an average of 5.6 people, another indication that women bear more children than other states. This also means they have the largest burden of housework. After UP, Rajasthan (5.5) and Jharkhand (5) report IndiaÂ’s largest families. Furthermore, 44 per cent of households in UP have more than six people, followed by Rajasthan (38.8 per cent) and Jammu