Submitted by Editor on Fri, 2016-01-22 18:35 Bengaluru: The National Family Health Survey-4 (NFHS-4), Karnataka, for the year 2015-16, which was recently released by the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, contains a few shockers.According to the findings, though health facilities and awareness are in dire straits in rural areas of the state, people in rural areas are healthier compared to their urban counterparts. But the most damning finding of the survey is that city women face more violence during their pregnancy than their rural counterparts.The NFHS survey found that 8.7 percent of pregnant women in urban areas were subjected to some kind of violence at the time of their pregnancy. The corresponding data for rural areas was 4.5 percent. About 20.6 percent of married women in urban areas reported facing spousal violence while 20.4 percent of rural women spoke of facing spousal violence, according to the survey. Speaking to Bfirst.in about the startling findings, an officer from the state health department said that the data confirmed that physical infrastructure alone would not be able to solve the problems pertaining to women. Another important finding of the survey was that compared to rural women, city women were more prone to lifestyle related problems. The report found that 7.9 percent women in urban areas in the age group of 15-49 years had high blood sugar levels while 4.2 percent were found to have very high blood sugar levels. The corresponding data for rural women was 5.1 percent and 2.3 percent.Around 9.7 percent of women in urban areas in the age group of 15-49 were found to have hyper-tension and associated problems while the corresponding figure for women in rural areas was 8.9 percent.The survey, as expected, found higher literacy rates in urban areas compared with rural areas. About 81.8 percent of women in urban areas were literate compared with only 63.8 percent of rural women. About 58.9 percent of women in urban centres had more than 10 years of schooling while just 35.1 percent of rural women had been schooled for more than 10 years.As many as 17.9 percent of urban women in the age group of 20-24 years had got married before the age of 18 while the corresponding figure for rural women stood at 27 percent. About 8.5 percent of men in the age group of 25-29 got married before turning 21, the figure for men in rural areas was at 12.5 percent. Infant mortality rate was at 34 percent in rural areas while it was 19 percent in cities. And under-five mortality rate (U5MR) was 23 percent in urban areas while it was 39 percent in rural areas. But in spite of all the odds, rural women are better off when compared with their urban counterparts in other indicators. For example, 64.8 percent of children from rural areas in the age group of 12-23 months were found to be fully immunised (BCG, measles, and 3 doses each of polio and DPT). The figure for children in urban areas was at just 59.8 percent. As many as 95.2 percent of rural children in the age group of 12-23 months had received BCG while the corresponding figure for urban areas was 89.2 percent.About 62.8 percent of rural children in the age group of 12-23 months had received 3 doses of Hepatitis B vaccine while only 54.1 percent of children in urban areas had received 3 doses of the vaccine.The survey, carried out between 25 February 2015 and 20 July 2015, visited 23,842 households and interviewed 26,291 women and 3,743 men.