Gum problems in pregnancy could lead to premature babies:

Submitted by Subeditor on Tue, 2015-11-10 16:22 Pregnancy brings joy and happiness to an expecting mother. In that stage, a pregnant women goes through a lot of hormonal and physical changes but misses to take care of her oral hygiene. Studies show that around 50-70 percent of pregnant women suffer from gum diseases and those with pre-existing oral infections are more likely to go into preterm labor and as a result deliver low weight babies. In addition, hormonal changes during pregnancy can make the teeth vulnerable to plaque, resulting in inflamed gums and bleeding. Maintaining proper oral health and following some preventive measures during pregnancy can eliminate the risks of developing gingivitis and other infections. The gum diseases can affect most pregnant women especially in their first trimester. This is widely known as Pregnancy gingivitis in dental terms.What is pregnancy gingivitis and how does it effect the baby? During pregnancy, hormonal imbalances that occur cause plaque content in the mouth resulting in redness of gums, swelling and bleeding. The increased level of progesterone can cause certain gingivitis causing bacteria to grow and damage the gum tissues. Untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontitis, which weakens the tissue and bones causing discomfort and tooth loss.. Some of the gram negative bacteria can enter the bloodstream going to the gums. These excessive bacteria can travel to the uterus, triggering the chemical production called prostaglandins which may cause to having premature labor. Also, gum disease may have an effect on the condition of the child after birth as well.Signs and symptoms The symptoms vary from redder looking gums that bleed while brushing to severe swelling and bleeding of gum tissues. Apart from gingivitis, tumors also appear on the gums. It is an ailment that is caused due to exaggerated response to plaque in the mouth that leads to gum diseases. They are inflammatory and benign growth that occurs in gums. Even though it’s not cancerous, it should be treated immediately, to avoid further complications. Many wonder if pregnancy gingivitis can affect baby’s oral health. There is no clear evidence to support that but many experts find connection between periodontitis and babies born premature and with low birth weight. Pregnancy gingivitis and other dental complications can be avoided by taking few preventive measures during pregnancy.Prvention measures - Regular dental checkups are mandatory Brushing teeth, twice a day, with fluoride paste will protect the enamel surface, reducing the risk of tooth decay Floss and use mouth wash every day Using electric rechargeable tooth brush is advised, as they help remove plaque and reduce swelling of gums Avoid smoking and drinking during pregnancy as it worsens the condition of the gums and will also affect the baby Eat healthy food which contains vitamin B12 and C Get all dental treatments done, prior to planning pregnancy