Submitted by Newseditor on Mon, 2015-12-21 16:25 Bengaluru: Acting on a complaint from PETA India, the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) has sent a letter to the state's chief secretary, the deputy commissioners of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts and officials in the Department of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Services seeking immediate steps to stop the Kambala events that are planned to be held in the state as per the Kambala calendar for the year 2015–16. In its letter, the AWBI pointed out that the Karnataka High Court, through an interim order dated 15 December 2014, issued an interim stay on the orders of officials of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts which limited the holding of Kambala to certain conditions last year. However, on 10 April 2015 the Karnataka High Court dismissed those orders, stating that they can no longer be considered since the events have already been held by the organisers. This means that the orders issued by the administrations of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts prohibiting Kambala events – and upholding the 7 May 2014 judgement of the Supreme Court which bans bull races in all of India – are still in force and Kambala events cannot be held. The AWBI also emphasised that the order of officials of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada districts are not limited to Kambala events organised in 2014–15 but are permanent, and the policy decision of the Ministry for Law and Parliamentary Affairs of Karnataka State dated 14 November 2014 also prohibits these cruel events. The AWBI conducted inspections of three Kambala events in 2014–15 which resulted in the filing of 65 non-cognisable offence complaints and one first information report at local police stations. The inspection reports explained the apparent violations of the specific conditions set by the Karnataka High Court under which it allowed Kambala, and it was proved beyond doubt that Kambala events are inherently cruel and are no different from bull races and Jallikattu, which are banned by the Supreme Court in the entire country. "There is absolutely no room in today's civilised society for races that involve forcing already overworked bulls to run out of fear and the threat of physical abuse, and India's Supreme Court has already confirmed that", says PETA India Director of Veterinary Affairs Dr Manilal Valliyate. "PETA is asking Karnataka State to uphold the law and the Supreme Court judgment and spare animals from needless suffering." PETA India – whose motto reads, in part, "Animals are not ours to use for entertainment" – has taken part in the AWBI inspections and documented cruelty to buffalo used in Kambala events. The inspection found violations of the Supreme Court's order and several sections of the Indian Penal Code, Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, and the Rules thereunder. The findings include buffalo used in racing not being registered with the AWBI, drivers and animal handlers not possessing certificates for transportation of animals, buffalo having two or three tight-fitting thick nose ropes inserted through a hole in the nasal septum (which were constantly pulled and yanked, causing tremendous distress and pain) and buffalo with nose rings and plastic coverings on nose ropes causing pain and distress. During the race, the buffalo were subjected to violent acts, including being hit on the body, slapped on the face and having their tails pulled. Many were forced to participate in the race throughout the night, and after the race the animals were frothing at the mouth and salivating heavily because of severe dehydration and exhaustion.