Submitted by Editor on Fri, 2016-03-11 19:02 Bengaluru: Bengalureans were pleasantly surprised on recently when the doctors from Regal Hospital came calling to their houses gifting them kidney replicas. In fact, the 'kidney' gifts were a gesture from these doctors asking Bengalureans to take care of their kidneys as India in general and Bengaluru in particular was turning out to be the kidney ailment zone. According to recent studies, 17 out of every 100 people have been found to suffer from kidney disease. Shockingly, 6 per cent of them were having third stage kidney disease which called for an immediate medical attention.Identifying kidney disease at right timeHence, the Regal Hospital had launched a unique-'Kidneyathon'' on Thursday on the occasion of World Kidney Day. Noted urologist and Regal Hospital CEO Dr Suri Raju V said the kidneyathon was organised with the concept “on the move for kidney health”. The hospital had also joined the worldwide collective march involving the public, celebrities and professionals moving across a public area by walking, running and cycling. Why not join them – by whatever means you prefer! "It is important that we make the general public aware of kidney diseases which affect millions of people worldwide, including many children who may be at risk of kidney disease at an early age. It is therefore crucial that we encourage and facilitate education, early detection and a healthy life style in children, starting at birth and continuing through to old age, to combat the increase of preventable kidney damage including acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease and to treat children with inborn and acquired disorders of the kidney. Hence, we had organised the Kidneyathon to inform parents, caregivers, young patients, policy makers and the general public of the importance of identifying and treating childhood kidney diseases, instilling an awareness of the risks for their future from kidney damage that originates in childhood, therefore building healthier future generations!" Children worst affectedKidney disease can affect children in various ways, ranging from treatable disorders without long-term consequences to life-threatening conditions. Acute kidney disease (AKI) is a serious condition that develops suddenly, often lasts a short time and may disappear completely once the underlying cause has been treated and if the patient receives the needed medical management, but it can also have long-lasting consequences with life-long problems. On the other hand, Chronic kidney disease (CKD) doesn’t disappear with treatment and tends to worsen over time. CKD eventually leads to kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease) and needs to be treated with a kidney transplant or blood-filtering treatments (dialysis) for life. Children’s kidney diseases are kidney diseases for life. The majority of children with kidney disease progress to end-stage kidney diseases in adulthood. Overall. more than 2 lakh people have to undergo dialysis in Karnataka, Dr Suri Raju added.HOW TO PROTECT KIDNEYSDuring the Thursday's Kidneyathon, the Regal Hospital doctors said the kidney diseases were silent killers, which largely affect our quality of life. There are however several easy ways to reduce the risk of developing kidney disease. 1. Keep fit and activeKeeping fit helps to reduce your blood pressure and therefore reduces the risk of Chronic Kidney Disease. 2. Keep regular control of your blood sugar levelAbout half of people who have diabetes develop kidney damage, so it is important for people with diabetes to have regular tests to check their kidney functions. Kidney damage from diabetes can be reduced or prevented if detected early. It is important to keep control of blood sugar levels with the help of doctors or pharmacists, who are always happy to help. 3. Monitor blood pressureAlthough many people may be aware that high blood pressure can lead to a stroke or heart attack, few know that it is also the most common cause of kidney damage. The normal blood pressure level is 120/80. Between this level and 139/89, one is considered pre-hypertensive and should adopt lifestyle and dietary changes. At 140/90 and above, one should discuss the risks with the doctor and monitor the blood pressure level regularly. High blood pressure is especially likely to cause kidney damage when associated with other factors like diabetes, high cholesterol and Cardio- Vascular Diseases. 4. Eat healthy and keep your weight in checkThis can help prevent diabetes, heart disease and other conditions associated with Chronic Kidney Disease. 5. Reduce salt intake.The recommended sodium intake is 5-6 grams of salt per day (around a teaspoon). In order to reduce your salt intake, try and limit the amount of processed and restaurant food and do not add salt to food. It will be easier to control your intake if you prepare the food yourself with fresh ingredients. 6. Maintain a healthy fluid intakeAlthough clinical studies have not reached an agreement on the ideal quantity of water and other fluids we should consume daily to maintain good health, traditional wisdom has long suggested drinking 1.5 to 2 litres of water per day. Consuming plenty of fluid helps the kidneys clear sodium, urea and toxins from the body which, in turn, results in a “significantly lower risk” of developing chronic kidney disease. In addition, people who have already had a kidney stone are advised to drink 2 to 3 litres of water daily to lessen the risk of forming a new stone. 7. Do not smokeSmoking slows the flow of blood to the kidneys. When less blood reaches the kidneys, it impairs their ability to function properly. Smoking also increases the risk of kidney cancer by about 50 percent. 8. Do not take over-the-counter pills on a regular basisCommon drugs such non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen are known to cause kidney damage and disease if taken regularly. Such medications probably do not pose significant danger if your kidneys are relatively healthy and you use them for emergencies only, but if you are dealing with chronic pain, such as arthritis or back pain, work with your doctor to find a way to control your pain without putting your kidney.