What our schools could learn from the American education system

What our schools could learn from the American education system

Submitted by alvin on Mon, 2016-04-18 18:55 Michigan DiaryThe education structure in the United States is largely comparable to the one we have in India. The pre-schooling starts with Nursery / Kindergarten at age 3. Elementary education begins for children at grade 1 when they reach 6 years and goes on till about 14 years when they pass out of grade 8. Secondary education, which provides a High School Diploma (equivalent to grade 12) gets completed at the age of 17. Apart from the regular academic stream, there are other vocational and technical courses on offer at the secondary level. Thereafter, various vocational or technical institutes run two year Associate Degree / Certificate courses (similar to the diploma courses here). There could be minor variations across the country in terms of when the primary school ends (grade 4 or 5) or when the high school begins (grade 8 or 9). The undergraduate programs providing bachelor’s degrees are usually of 4 years’ duration, while another year of studies would fetch a master’s degree, by when a student would be around 22 years old. Beyond this stage, doctoral studies or postdoctoral research could be pursued by those inclined.K-12 (Kindergarten to Grade 12) education is compulsory for all children with the U.S Constitution entrusting this responsibility to the states – similar to the Right to Education Act here.  As an aside, apart from the public schools run by the states, there are private and charter Schools (which have to be authorized by the local school boards or public universities). Homeschooling and voucher systems are in vogue too (I will not, however, detail the various types of schooling here). In terms of the governance, while the Federal Government passes the basic policy legislation (eg. The Elementary